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Der Bachelor ([ˈbætʃəlɚ] oder [ ˈbætʃlɚ], auch Bakkalaureus oder Baccalaureus [m.] bzw. Bakkalaurea oder Baccalaurea [f.]) ist der Träger des niedrigsten. Der Bachelor (englisch für „Junggeselle“) ist eine Fernsehshow, die bei RTL ausgestrahlt wird. In ihr soll ein attraktiver Junggeselle eine Lebenspartnerin finden. Bachelor steht für: Bachelor, Bakkalaureus, niedrigster akademischer Grad; englisch für einen ein unverheirateten Mann, siehe Junggeselle · Der Bachelor. Beruflicher Bachelor. aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Zur Navigation springen Zur Suche springen. Der berufliche Bachelor (lit. profesinis.  Er ist nun schon vier Semester im Bachelor eingeschrieben und es ist nicht  Wikipedia-Artikel „Bachelor“:  jasca.co – Lexikon „Bachelor“: .
(Zugriff: ) jasca.co%C3%A4tstoleranz (Zugriff: ) jasca.co (Zugriff: ). Online unter jasca.co g/wiki/Nomophobia [Abruf am ] es sich um eine Bachelor- oder Masterarbeit oder um eine Dissertation handelt. Beruflicher Bachelor. aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Zur Navigation springen Zur Suche springen. Der berufliche Bachelor (lit. profesinis.
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It was a necessary prerequisite to continue either with the faculty of liberal arts quadrivium leading to a master's degree and further to a doctoral degree or to study at one of the other three historical faculties—law, medicine or theology.
The vast majority of undergraduate programmes offered in the Czech Republic have a standard duration of three years. In the Czech tertiary education system, most universities and colleges today offer a three-year bachelor program, which can be followed up typically with a two-year master's graduate program.
Some specializations, such as doctors of medicine and veterinary doctors, hold exceptions from the general system in that the only option is a six-year master's program with no bachelor stage graduate with title doctor.
This is due mainly to the difficulty of meaningfully splitting up the education for these specialisations.
The bachelor's degree was re-introduced at universities in Denmark in , after the original degree baccalaureus was abandoned in The bachelor's degree is awarded after three or four years of study at a university and follows a scheme quite similar to the British one.
Two bachelor's degrees are given at the university level today:. However, both in the business and the academic world in Denmark, the bachelor's degree is still considered to be "the first half" of a master's candidatus.
It is often not considered a degree in its own right,  despite the politicians' best attempts to make it more accepted. The bachelor's degree has also been used since the late s in a number of areas like nursing and teaching.
These professional bachelor's degrees do grant access to some university master's program. These professional bachelor's degrees are considered to be a full education.
Bachelor's degrees in the Faroe Islands are much the same as in Denmark. The traditional bachelor's degree is the equivalent of the French Licence three-year degree.
Since the new European system of LMD Bologna process was founded, it has become standard to recognize a bachelor's degree over three years with a licence degree, a master's degree over five years, and a doctorate over eight years.
Some private institutions are however literally naming their degrees bachelor , but none of them are accredited by the French State.
Historically, the bachelor's degree, called " Bakkalaureus ", existed in Germany since the late Middle Ages.
But it was abolished by the educational reforms undertaken in The Abitur degree — the final degree received in school after a specialized 'college phase' of two years — replaced it, and universities only awarded graduate degrees.
The magister degree, a graduate degree, was awarded after five years of study. In , a second graduate degree, the diplom , was introduced when the technische hochschulen TH received university status.
With the introduction of the universities of applied sciences , a shortened version of the latter, referred to as Diplom FH and designed to take three to four years, was phased in between and However, in , in order to comply with the European Bologna process , a new educational law reintroduced the bachelor's degree first degree after three years of study in Germany.
Today, these degrees can be called either " Bakkalaureus " or "bachelor" in accordance with federal law , but the English term is more common.
According to the Bologna model, the bachelor is followed by the post-graduate master's degree of another two years.
The traditional degrees of diplom and magister were mostly abolished in , although the diplom still persists in a few subjects and universities and has been reintroduced as alternative degree in some places.
The traditional degrees have been re-mapped to the new European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System ECTS point system to make them comparable to the new bachelor's degree.
Traditional and Bologna process degrees are ranked as follows in Germany:. It is earned after four to six years of undergraduate studies, depending on the field, and is a first cycle qualification in the Bologna Process with or more ECTS credits.
The old four-, five-, or six-year laurea system was discontinued in the early s as per the Bologna process , with some exceptions such as law school or medical school.
The bachelor's degree, called "laurea triennale" three-year degree or simply " laurea ", takes three years to complete note that Italian students graduate from high school at age 19 and grants access to graduate degrees known as " laurea magistrale ".
In order to graduate, students must earn credits ECTS and write a thesis for which students have to elaborate on an argument under the supervision of a professor generally from three to eight ECTS.
Graduation marks go from 66 to In the Netherlands, the bachelor's degree was introduced in with the change of the Dutch degree system due to the European Bologna process.
Until that time, the Dutch universities did not have a Bachelor level degree although the Candidate's diploma existed till , which was more-or-less of the same level.
Prior to the Dutch degree system change a single program at the university comprised the same course load as the bachelor's and master's programs together which led to the doctorandus degree or for legal studies to the "Meester in de rechten" and engineering to " Ingenieur ".
In , with the introduction of the Bachelor's master's doctorate system , the single 4 or 5-year program at Dutch universities has been changed and split into a 3-year program leading to the bachelor's degree and a subsequent a 1 or 2-year program leading to the Master's degree.
Those who had already started the doctorandus program could, upon completing it, opt for the doctorandus degree before their name, abbreviated to 'drs.
Since these graduates do not have a separate bachelor's degree which is in fact — in retrospect — incorporated into the program , the master's degree is their first academic degree.
Former degrees included:. While the titles ing. It is still allowed to use the traditional titles. Whether a bachelor's degree is granted by a hogeschool or university is highly relevant since these parallel systems of higher education have traditionally served somewhat different purposes, with the vocational colleges mainly concentrating on skills and practical training.
A BA or BSc from a university grants "immediate" entry into a master's program. Moreover, this is usually considered a formality to allow students to switch to foreign universities master's programs.
Meanwhile, those having completed a HBO from a vocational college, which represented the highest possible level of vocational education available, can only continue to a "master's" on completion of a challenging year of additional study, which in itself can serve as a type of selection process, with the prospective MSc students being required to cover a great deal of ground in a single year.
Recently, HBO vocational master's degrees have been introduced in the Netherlands. They may use an M followed by the field of specialization e.
This year of study to "convert" from the vocational to academic WO — wetenschappelijk onderwijs , literally "scientific education" is also known as a "bridge" or "premasters" year.
Note that despite the use of the terminology "university of applied science" the higher vocational colleges are not considered to be "universities" within the Netherlands.
Important aspects of Dutch bachelor's degree courses and others relative to some of those offered abroad include:. In February, , the Dutch State Secretary of Education decided to adhere to the recommendations written in a report by the Veerman Commission.
In the near future, the distinction between academic and higher vocational degrees will disappear. The existing academic degree granted with a diploma was transformed into a baccalaureus bachelor's degree.
The universities usually award a bachelor's degree after three years following which, a master's degree will be two years long or four years following which, a master's degree will be one year long.
There are some exceptions, for example physiotherapy. Norwegian bachelor's degrees are either programme bachelor's degrees or elective bachelor's degrees.
In Poland, the licentiate degree corresponds to the bachelor's degree in Anglophone countries. In Polish, it is called licencjat. To obtain the licencjat degree, one must complete three years of study.
After that, the student can continue education for 2 or 1. Presently, the Portuguese equivalent of a bachelor's degree is the licenciatura , awarded after three years of study four in some few cases at an accredited university or polytechnical institution.
It is an undergraduate first study cycle program which is, in most cases, not required to advance into further studies such as master's degree programs.
It required three years of study, being roughly equivalent to the present licenciatura. At that time, the licenciatura referred to a licentiate 's degree equivalent to the present master's degree , which required usually five years of study.
A licenciatura could also be obtained by performing two years of study after obtaining a bacharelato. Today, the former and current licenciatura degrees are referred in Portugal, respectively, as pre-Bologna and post-Bologna licenciaturas.
The degree can be compared both to the bachelor's and master's degree. After the bakalavr degree usually four years , one can earn a master's degree another one or two years while preserving the old five-year specialist scheme.
In Spain, due to the ongoing transition to a model compliant with the Bologna agreement , exact equivalents to the typical Anglo-Saxon bachelor's degree and master's degree are being implemented progressively.
The official first-cycle degrees are comparable in terms of duration, scope, and educational outcomes to an Anglo-Saxon bachelor's degree.
The Swedish equivalent of a bachelor's degree is called kandidatexamen. It is earned after three years of studies, of which at least a year and a half in the major subject.
A thesis of at least 15 ECTS credits must be included in the degree. As part of the [Bologna process], Sweden aligned the length of its undergraduate and graduate programmes.
Previously, there was a Bachelor of Law degree juris kandidat which required 4. Similarly, the graduate engineering degree previously known as Civilingenjör was 4.
Like Austria and Germany, Switzerland did not have a tradition of bachelor's and master's degrees. In , after the application of the Bologna process, bachelor's and graduate master's degrees replaced the old degrees.
As of [update] , certificates of equivalence are issued by the university that issued the original degree. Currently three to four years of study are required to be awarded a bachelor's degree.
A master's degree will require another two to three years of coursework and a thesis. There are institutions which award bachelor's degrees in almost every city in Turkey.
They all grant bachelor of arts or science degrees upon completion of an eight-semester course. There are opportunities to undertake a double major.
Some universities allow ordinary degree students to transfer to an honours degree course in the same subject if an acceptable standard is reached after the first or second year of study, known in Turkish as a "Önlisans Mezunu".
The bachelor's degree is the standard undergraduate degree in the United Kingdom, with the most common degrees being the bachelor of arts BA and bachelor of science BSc.
Most bachelor's degree courses apart from the very rare postgraduate awards, and those in medicine , dentistry and veterinary science lead to honours degrees , with ordinary degrees generally only being awarded to those who do not meet the required pass mark for an honours degree.
With the exception of the postgraduate bachelor's degrees and bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science, UK bachelor's degrees whether honours or non-honours are first cycle end of cycle qualifications under the Bologna Process.
Postgraduate bachelor's degrees and bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science are second cycle end of cycle qualifications.
Some bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science offer intercalated degrees en route to the final qualification.
Bachelor's degrees should not be confused with baccalaureate qualifications, which derive their name from the same root.
In the UK, baccalaureate qualifications, e. International Baccalaureate , Welsh Baccalaureate , English Baccalaureate , are gained at secondary schools rather than being degree-level qualifications.
Until the 19th century, a bachelor's degree represented the first degree in a particular faculty, with Arts representing undergraduate study, thus the Bachelor of Civil Law BCL at Oxford and the Bachelor of Laws LLB at Cambridge, for example, were postgraduate degrees.
Vestiges of this system still remain in the ancient universities, with Oxford and Cambridge awarding BAs for undergraduate degrees in both arts and sciences although both award undergraduate BTh degrees through associated theological colleges , and Oxford awards BFA degrees in addition to the BA and defining other bachelor's degrees e.
In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, bachelor's degrees usually take three years of study to complete, although courses may take four years where they include a year abroad or a placement year.
Degrees may have titles related to their broad subject area or faculty, such as BA or BSc, or may be more subject specific e.
BEng or LLB. The majority of bachelor's degrees are now honours degrees , although this has not always been the case historically.
Although first degree courses are usually three years credits , direct second year entry is sometimes possible for students transferring from other courses or those who have completed foundation degrees , via accreditation of prior learning or more formal credit transfer arrangements.
Some universities compress the three-year course into two years by teaching for a full calendar year credits rather than a standard academic year credits , thus maintaining the full credit extent of the course.
In addition to bachelor's degrees, some institutions offer integrated master's degrees as first degrees in some subjects particularly in STEM fields.
These integrate teaching at bachelor's and master's level in a four-year five-year if with industrial experience course, which often shares the first two years with the equivalent bachelor's course.
The normal academic standard for bachelor's degrees in England, Wales and Northern Ireland is the honours degree.
These are normally classified into one of four classes of honours, depending upon the marks gained in examinations and other assessments:.
Some institutions have announced that they intend to replace this system of classifying honours degrees with an American-style Grade Point Average.
Completion of just the first two years of the course can lead to a Diploma of Higher Education and completion of only the first year to a Certificate of Higher Education.
On the Framework for Higher Education Qualifications, standard undergraduate bachelor's degrees with and without honours are at level 6, although the courses include learning across levels 4 to 6.
Honours degrees normally require credits with a minimum of 90 at level 6, while ordinary degrees need credits with a minimum of 60 at level 6.
Bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science are at level 7, with learning spanning levels 4 to 7, and are not normally credit rated.
The Diploma of Higher Education is a level 5 second year of bachelor's degree qualification and requires credits, a minimum of 90 at level 5; The Certificate of Higher Education is a level 4 first year of bachelor's degree qualification and requires credits, a minimum of 90 at level 4.
At Scottish universities, bachelor's degrees and the equivalent Scottish MA awarded by some institutions are normally honours degrees , taking four years of study or five with a year abroad or in industry , but may also be ordinary degrees also known as pass , general or designated degrees requiring three years of study.
As in the rest of the UK, integrated master's degrees , taking five years in Scotland, are also offered as first degrees alongside bachelor's degrees.
An honours degree may be directly linked to professional or vocational qualifications, particularly in fields such as engineering, surveying and architecture.
These courses tend to have highly specified curricula, leaving students without many options for broader study. Others, following a more traditional route, start off with a broad range of studies across the faculty that has admitted the student or, via modular study, across the whole university.
Students on these courses specialise later in their degree programmes. Honours degrees are subdivided into classes in the same way as the rest of the UK, depending on the overall grade achieved.
These are, from highest to lowest; first class, upper second class , lower second class , and third class. Ordinary degrees are awarded to students who have completed three years at university studying a variety of related subjects.
As ordinary degrees in Scotland constitute a distinct course of study, rather than a grade below honours degrees, they can be graded from lowest to highest as "pass", "merit" or "distinction".
The first two years, sometimes three, of both an ordinary degree and an honours degree are identical, but candidates for the ordinary degree study in less depth in their final year and often over a wider variety of subjects, and do not usually complete a dissertation.
A Scottish ordinary degree is thus different from ordinary degrees in the rest of the UK in comprising a distinct course of study from the honours degree.
In keeping with the Scottish "broad education" philosophy, ordinary degrees and more rarely honours ones may mix different disciplines such as sciences and humanities taught in different faculties and in some cases even different universities.
Bachelor's degrees with honours are at level 10 of the Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework SCQF and require credits with a minimum of 90 at level 10 and 90 at level 9.
Ordinary degrees are at level 9 and require credits with a minimum of 90 at level 9. Bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science are at level 11 of the SCQF and are second cycle end of cycle qualifications in the Bologna Process.
In Australia, a "bachelor degree"  is normally a three to four-year program, leading to a qualification at level 7 of the Australian Qualifications Framework.
Other degrees, such as Bachelor of Arts don't necessarily elicit entry into a profession, though many organisations require a bachelor's degree for employment.
A one-year postgraduate bachelor honours degree can be achieved as a consecutive stand-alone course following a bachelor's degree in the same field, or as an additional year as part of a bachelor's degree program.
Some bachelor's degrees e. Honours is generally for students who want to take up a research track for postgraduate studies , and increasingly for those who want an extra edge in the job market.
Bachelor honours degrees include a major Independent research component, allowing students to develop skills that will enable them to proceed to further study or to work in research roles in industry.
PhDs, etc. In New Zealand, only recognised institutions — usually universities and polytechnics — have degree-awarding powers.
Most bachelor's degrees are three years full-time, but certain degrees, such as the Bachelor of Laws and the Bachelor of Engineering degrees, require four years of study.
A bachelor with honours is a program of four years duration e. A Bachelor of Medicine degree requires a minimum of six years. Where students opt to study two bachelor's degrees simultaneously — referred to as a "conjoint degree" or " double degree " — an extra year of study is added.
The number of years of study required is determined based on the degree with the greatest number of years. Exceptional students may choose to complete a degree in a shorter amount of time by taking on extra courses, usually with the help of summer school.
Students who complete a double degree program will have two separate bachelor's degrees at the end of their studies.
Consistently high-performing students may also be invited to complete the 'honours' program. This degree is considered to fall between the bachelor's and master's levels on the European Qualifications Framework.
Some honours degree courses also offer a postgraduate diploma PGDip as an exit qualification, which often consists of the same workload but with added flexibility.
A PGDip does not usually require a dissertation. However, the student may complete one if desired. Many other specialized bachelor's degrees are offered as well.
At many institutions one can only complete a two-degree program if the bachelor's degrees to be earned are of different types e. Rules on this vary considerably, however.
The focus of this four-year applied degree is on the development of analytical, quantitative, computing and communication skills.
Students learn how to apply the knowledge and principles of science to the understanding and management of the production, processing and marketing of agricultural products, and to the management and conservation of our natural resources.
All students undertake rural field trips and approved professional experience within agricultural or horticultural enterprises, natural resource management, agribusiness industries, or commercial or government organisations active in the field.
The Bachelor of Architecture BArch degree is a professional degree awarded to students who complete the five-year course of study in the field at some universities.
Many universities offer a BSc or BA majoring in architecture after the first three or four years, and then a post-graduate diploma, BArch or MArch for the following two to four years.
Originally, in the universities of Oxford , Cambridge and Dublin , all undergraduate degrees were in the faculty of arts, hence the name of the degree.
There are various undergraduate degrees in information technology incorporating programming, database design, software engineering, networks and information systems.
These programs prepare graduates for further postgraduate research degrees or for employment in a variety of roles in the information technology industry.
The program focus may be on the technical or theoretical aspects of the subject matter, depending on which course is taken.
Some British universities give a bachelor's degree in science, or medical science, midway through the medical course, and most allow students to intercalate a year of more specialized study for an intercalated Bachelor of Science BSc , Bachelor of Medical Science BMedSc , or Bachelor of Medical Biology BMedBiol degree with honors.
Although notionally MB and BS are two degrees, they must be taken together. However, this third degree is an anachronism from the 19th century and is not registerable with the Irish Medical Council.
In the UK, these qualifications, while retaining the title of bachelor's degrees, are master's degree level qualifications.
Use of the courtesy title of doctor is attached to the profession of doctor or physician and is granted by registration, not by earning the qualifying degree.
Trainee doctors in the UK are allowed to use the title once they begin their training and receive provisional registration.
The Canadian MD degree is, despite its name, classified as a bachelor's degree. Dentistry is offered both as an undergraduate and a postgraduate course.
In countries following the British model, the first degree in dentistry is the Bachelor of Dental Surgery , which is a master's degree level qualification in the UK.
Postgraduate courses such as the Bachelor of Dentistry BDent — awarded exclusively by the University of Sydney in Australia — require a previous bachelor's degree.
The Bachelor of Midwifery degree is a professional degree awarded to students who have complete a three- to five-year depending on the country course of study in midwifery.
Physiotherapy is offered both as an undergraduate and a graduate course of study. Studies leading to the Bachelor of Physiotherapy BPT degree usually constitute the undergraduate program.
In the graduate program, courses leading to a degree such as the Master of Physiotherapy degree are offered. In the Canadian province of Quebec , French universities offer both undergraduate and graduate courses leading to the procurement of a Bachelor of Science degree with a major in physiotherapy and a Master of Science degree specialized in physiotherapy.
Optometry is a four-year or five-year course. Although students graduate with a BSc after three years of study, passing a further supervised preregistration year is required to become a fully qualified optometrist.
The National Institute of Ophthalmic Sciences is among the post-secondary institutions that offer such programs.
The Bachelor of Nursing degree is a three- to five-year undergraduate degree that prepares students for a career in nursing.
Often the degree is required to gain " registered nurse ", or equivalent, status—subject to completion of exams in the area of residence.
Sometimes, though, the degree is offered only to nurses who are already registered. Paramedicine is offered both as an undergraduate and a postgraduate course in some countries.
The United States does not require a degree for paramedicine practice. The Bachelor of Veterinary Science program is generally a five-year course of study that is required for becoming a veterinarian.
In the UK, this is a master's degree level qualification that retains the title of bachelor's for historical reasons. The Bachelor of Pharmacy BPharm degree is a common undergraduate degree for the practice of pharmacy.
In the United States, Canada , and France , however, all colleges of pharmacy have now phased out the degree in favor of the PharmD , or doctor of pharmacy , degree or the PhD, doctor of philosophy, degree in pharmacy.
However, the BScPSc degree does not qualify the recipient for the practice of pharmacy, for which students must earn a PharmD degree.
Public health is usually studied at the master's degree level. Australia is one of the few countries where studies in Public Health are available at undergraduate level.
The Bachelor of Science in Public Health BScPH degree is a four-year undergraduate degree that prepares students for careers in the public, private, or nonprofit sectors in areas such as public health, environmental health, health administration, epidemiology, or health policy and planning.
Some schools still offer it under the aegis of a School of Physical Education BPEd or BHPEd , although "kinesiology" or "human kinetics" is currently the more popularly accepted term for the discipline.
Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics BSND , Bachelor of Food Science and Nutrition BFSN Specific areas of study include clinical nutrition, food technology, hospitality and services management, research, community worker, health care management, educator, sports science, agricultural sciences, private practice and other allied health fields.
The degree is awarded following four to six years of collegiate study in America average five years , from three to four in Europe and Australia.
In America especially Latin America , Nutrition per se is separated from Dietetics, where the latter is equivalent to a technical degree.
The Bachelor of Aviation BAv is awarded to students who complete a four-year course of study in the field of aviation.
Traditionally the BD was a graduate degree rather than a first degree, and typically emphasised academic theology, biblical languages etc.
This has become a less common arrangement, but a BD takes precedence over a PhD in Cambridge University's order of seniority.
While the theological bachelor's degree is generally conferred upon completion of a four-year program, it is also conferred in some specialized three-year programs.
In the United States the "main line" Protestant clergy typically take a four-year bachelor's degree in whatever field they choose, then earn the MDiv Master of Divinity degree in an additional three years as part of preparation for ordination.
The Bachelor of Fine Arts BFA degree is a specialized degree awarded for courses of study in the fine arts, frequently by an arts school or conservatory, although it is equally available at a significant number of traditional colleges and universities.
In contrast to the BA or BS, which are generally considered to be academic degrees, the BFA is usually referred to as a professional degree, whose recipients have generally received four years of study and training in their major field as compared to the two years of study in the major field usually found in most traditional non-Commonwealth Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science programs.
In the United States, the Bachelor of Fine Arts degree differs from a Bachelor of Arts degree in that the majority of the program consists of a practical studio component, as contrasted with lecture and discussion classes.
A typical BFA program in the United States consists of two-thirds study in the arts, with one-third in more general liberal arts studies.
For a BA in art, the ratio might be reversed. The Bachelor of Film and Television BFTV degree is an undergraduate degree for the study of film and television production including areas of cinematography, directing, film production, script writing, sound, screenwriting, animation, and typography.
It allows students to design a customized and specific course of study to best suit their educational and professional objectives.
Generally, this degree is sponsored by two or more departments within the university. The Bachelor of Journalism BAJ or BScJ degree is a professional degree awarded to students who have studied journalism at a four-year accredited university.
Not all universities, however, grant this degree. The world's oldest school of journalism at the University of Missouri offers a BJ degree, not to be confused with the bachelor's degree in jurisprudence at Oxford University.
The Bachelor of Landscape Architecture B. The Bachelor of Professional Studies is awarded to students who major in professional career studies.
It is also commonly awarded at schools of music in large private or public universities. Small liberal arts colleges and universities without schools of music often award only BA in music, with different sets of requirements.
A Bachelor of Nonprofit and Nongovernmental Organization Studies is a multidisciplinary field that focuses on practices of the nonprofit sector.
This area of inquiry examines the management and effectiveness of the nonprofit sector, and has sub-areas of research including administration , marketing , communication , economics , human resources , philanthropy , ethics , law , information technology , social entrepreneurship , grant writing , policy , fundraising , advocacy , volunteerism and civic engagement.
A variety of higher education institutions and research organizations are dedicated to the teaching and research of issues related to the nonprofit sector.
Additionally, individual courses within related disciplines e. Business , Sociology , Public Policy examine nonprofit studies in a variety of contexts.
Nonprofit studies may also refer to studies of the voluntary sector , third sector, nongovernmental organizations , or civil society.
It was introduced in and it is awarded to students that complete semester hours of course work and receive passing scores on the National Board Exam administered by The International Conference of Funeral Service Examining Boards.
The Bachelor of Philosophy BPhil. Courses typically last five years, but may last as long as six. In Nepal, there are three- and four-year courses available for higher-level students.
See Psychologist Licensing and regulation , Training and licensing of clinical psychologists. The Bachelor of Education degree BEd is a four-year undergraduate professional degree offered by many American colleges and universities for those preparing to be licensed as teachers.
Preparation for the MS in education, this degree is most often received by those interested in early childhood, elementary level, and special education, or by those planning to be school administrators.
Secondary level teachers often major in their subject area instead i. Some states require elementary teachers to choose a subject major as well, and minor in education.
In Canada, the bachelor of education is a two-year professional degree in which students will specialise in either elementary or secondary education, and that is taken after the completion of a three or four-year bachelor's degree with a major in a teachable subject, such as English, French, mathematics, biology, chemistry, or a social science.
Some universities also offer concurrent, five-year programs with student completing both a bachelor's degree in arts or science as well as their BEd.
The possession of a BEd and a second bachelor's degree is required to teach in most public anglophone and francophone schools in Canada.
Although notionally BSc and BEd are two degrees, they must be taken together. The graduates will work as science physics, chemistry, biology teachers in high schools, as lecturers in pre university colleges and matriculation centers and can progress to postgraduate programs MSc and PhD in various areas in science or education.
The Bachelor of Science in Forestry BScF is a degree awarded to students who complete a three-year course of study in the field of forestry.
The Bachelor of Science in Law degree BScL is a special-purpose degree that allows someone who has had some prior studies but has not achieved a bachelor's degree to resume his or her education and take up the study of law with the goal of eventually receiving the juris doctor degree.
The Bachelor of Social Science BSSc is a three- or four-year undergraduate British degree that enables students to specialize in the area of social science.
Compared to the Bachelor of Arts, which allows students to study a vast range of disciplines, the Bachelor of Social Science enables students to develop more central and specialized knowledge of the social sciences.
Programs accredited by the Council on Social Work Education require BSW students to complete a minimum of field education or internship hours.
Accredited BSW programs often allow students who are interested in obtaining a Master of Social Work degree to complete the degree in a shorter amount of time or waive courses.
In Latin America, this is a four to five-year degree that can replace liberal arts subjects into health sciences, resulting in social work as a type of community psychology and socioeconomic studies, focused in hospitals, prisons, or pedagogy, among others.
The Bachelor of Technology degree BTech is a three- or four-year undergraduate degree. Generally, the program is comparable to a Bachelor of Science degree program, which is additionally supplemented by either occupational placements supervised practical or internships or practice-based classroom courses.
The Bachelor of Laws LLB is the principal academic degree in law in most common law countries other than the United States, and anglophone Canada, where it has been superseded by the juris doctor JD degree.
The Bachelor of Tourism Studies BTS degree is awarded to those who complete the four- or five-year course of study in tourism, laws regarding tourism, planning and development, marketing, economics, sociology, anthropology, arts and world history dependent on the country in which one takes the course , ticketing, hospitality, computer applications, and much more.
The course would have an interdisciplinary approach with a vast range of units so the tourismologist professional would be able to identify necessary actions toward a sustainable touristic environment focus on local community uniqueness, values and traditions.
As tourism is a growing industry, in India there is a lot of opportunity for those who complete this course of study.
It is available in select universities of India. Several universities, mostly in Canada and Australia, award such degrees.
The usual degree for mathematics in all other countries is the BSc. Programs vary in their focus on studio work and may or may not involve professional practice.
The Bachelor of Public Affairs and Policy Management degree BPAPMgt is a specialized four-year honors degree dedicated to the study of public policy within an interdisciplinary framework.
The degree was created as a direct response to the changing nature of civic society and the growing need for university graduates who can work effectively in the new policy environment.
The Bachelor of Innovation is a four-year degree in a range of different fields. The general education elements are restructured to provide a common core of innovation, entrepreneurship and team skills.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Undergraduate academic degree. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. After World War II , this terminology came to be seen as antiquated and has been mostly replaced by the gender-neutral term " single " first recorded In England and Wales, the term "bachelor" remained the official term used for the purpose of marriage registration until , when it was abolished in favor of "single.
In certain Gulf Arab countries, "bachelor" can refer to men who are single as well as immigrant men married to a spouse residing in their country of origin due to the high added cost of sponsoring a spouse onsite ,  and a colloquial term "executive bachelor" is also used in rental and sharing accommodation advertisements to indicate availability to white-collar bachelors in particular.
Bachelors have been subject to penal laws in many countries, most notably in Ancient Sparta and Rome.
In some parts of Germany , for instance, men who were still unmarried by their 30th birthday were made to sweep the stairs of the town hall until kissed by a "virgin".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Telugu film, see Most Eligible Bachelor film. Unmarried man socially regarded as able to marry.
For other uses, see Bachelor disambiguation. Cambridge University Press. P Bachelors and Spinsters". Archived from the original on 5 June Retrieved 8 April Archived from the original on Retrieved Archived from the original on 25 January I, The Daily Telegraph.
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Download as PDF Printable version. Jeremiah . Petrarch . Handel . Gorgias . Leonardo . Pope . Democritus .
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